What happened today? Mi történt ma? Szeptember 23

Lássuk, mi történt ma a világtörténelemben! Tudd meg, hogy milyen fontos történelmi eseménynek van ma az évfordulója! Olvasd el a szöveget, majd nézd meg az ismeretlen szavakat. A szöveg alján találsz szószedetet, ha megtanultad, tesztelheted is magad! Hajrá!

September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 99 days remaining until the end of the year. But what happened today?

Birth of August
Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana (The Roman Peace). The Roman world was largely free from large-scale conflict for more than two centuries, despite continuous wars of imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers and one year-long civil war over the imperial succession. Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia; expanding possessions in Africa; expanding into Germania; and completing the conquest of Hispania.

Birth of Kublai Khan, Mongolian emperor (1215)
In 1271, Kublai established the Yuan dynasty, which ruled over present-day Mongolia, China, Korea, and some adjacent areas, and assumed the role of Emperor of China. By 1279, the Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty was completed and Kublai became the first non-native emperor to conquer all of China.

In 1875 Billy the Kid arrested for first time
On this day in 1875, Billy the Kid is arrested for the first time after stealing a basket of laundry. He later broke out of jail and roamed the American West, eventually earning a reputation as an outlaw and murderer and a rap sheet that allegedly included 21 murders.

In 1889 Nintendo Koppai is established
Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) is founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda. By 1963, the company had tried several small niche businesses, such as cab services and love hotels. Abandoning previous ventures in favor of toys in the 1960s, Nintendo then developed into a video game company in the 1970s, ultimately becoming one of the most influential in the industry and Japan's third most-valuable company with a market value of over $85 billion.

Birth of Ray Charles - 1930
He pioneered the genre of soul music during the 1950s by combining blues, rhythm and blues, and gospel styles into the music he recorded for Atlantic Records. He also contributed to the integration of country and rhythm and blues and pop music during the 1960s with his crossover success on ABC Records, most notably with his two Modern Sounds albums. While he was with ABC, Charles became one of the first African-American musicians to be granted artistic control by a mainstream record company.

Birth of Bruce Springsteen - 1949
Springsteen's recordings have included both commercially accessible rock albums and more somber folk-oriented works. His most successful studio albums, Born to Run (1975) and Born in the U.S.A. (1984), showcase a talent for finding grandeur in the struggles of daily American life. He has sold more than 64 million albums in the United States and more than 120 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time.

Death of Pablo Neruda - 1973
Pablo Neruda was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet-diplomat and politician Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973). He derived his pen name from the Czech poet Jan Neruda. Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971.

Source: history.com, wikipedia.org

Vocabulary Szókincs
leap year szökőév
founder of the Roman Empire Római Birodalom alapítója
to annex bekebelezni
conquest of Hispania Hispania meghódítása
Mongolian emperor Mongól császár
adjacent areas szomszédos területek
to break out of jail megszökni a börtönből
rap sheet priusz
allegedly állítólag
niche business piaci rést megcélzó vállalkozás
venture vállalkozás
the most influential a legbefolyásosabb
to pioneer utat törni
genre műfaj
somber komor
pen name művésznév
Nobel Prize for Literature Irodalmi Nobel-díj

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