Angol középszintű érettségi olvasott szöveg értése - 2005.május 




Érettségis szövegértéses feladat angolból - középszint



Read the text about Valentine’s Day and the sentences following the text. Each sentence describes one word in the text. Your task is to find the word and write it on the line after the sentence. Write only one word on each line. There is one example (0) for you.

The holiday of Valentine's Day probably has its origins in the ancient Roman feast of Lupercalia. In the early days of Rome, fierce wolves lived in the woods nearby. The Romans called upon one of their gods, Lupercus, to keep the wolves away. A holiday in honor of Lupercus was celebrated on February 15th. The holiday was celebrated as a spring festival. Their calendar was different at that time, with February falling in early springtime.


One of the customs of the young people was name-drawing. On the day before the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars. Each young man got a slip from the jar. The girl whose name was chosen was to be his sweetheart for the year.


Legend says that the holiday became Valentine's Day after a priest named Valentine. Valentine was a priest in Rome at the time Christianity was a new religion. The Emperor at that time, Claudius II, ordered the Roman soldiers NOT to marry or become engaged. Claudius believed that as married men, his soldiers would want to stay home with their families rather than fight his wars. Valentine didn’t obey the Emperor's order and secretly married the young couples. He was finally arrested, imprisoned, and put to death. Valentine was killed on February 14th, the eve of the Roman holiday Lupercalia. After his death, Valentine was named a saint. As Rome became more Christian, the priests moved the spring holiday from the 15th of February to the 14th - Valentine's Day. Now it became a holiday of Saint Valentine instead of Lupercus.


0) Probably this nation celebrated the Holiday of Valentine’s Day first. - Romans

1) The season when Valentine’s day was first celebrated. -

2) Animals that lived in the forest near Rome. -

3) Containers where the pieces of paper were put. -

4) They were not allowed to get married or get engaged. -

5) This person died and became a saint. -

6) The holiday was moved from this day. -

Forrás: Oktatas.hu